Industrial Product design

Industrial/product designers are responsible for the design, creation, testing and development of new products. These guys utilize their specialist knowledge and practical experience of creative design and engineering to produce functional, effective and aesthetically pleasing products.

Product designers can get their teeth into all kinds of projects across a range of different industries. For instance, you might be designing anything from toys, kitchen utensils and office equipment to medical devices, laboratory apparatus and industrial contraptions.

The products you design (as industrial designer) may be intended for limited production or mass manufacturing and, therefore, they will need to be optimized accordingly. Product designers don’t just design, exciting products; they may also make vital modifications to existing designs in order to improve their functionality or visual appeal.

Industrial/product designers are employed by industrial organizations, manufacturing companies and private consulting firms in the design, engineering and technology industries, while others may work in high-tech research and development laboratories.

If you enter this profession, you’ll be discussing design requirements, technical specifications and other criteria with clients and other members of the design team. Following this consultation period, you’ll be responsible for preparing detailed drawings of the product, before developing sample prototypes for testing purposes. You’ll be conducting tests that assess the product’s durability in response to adverse conditions and unfavorable situations.

After the testing process, you’ll be making essential tweaks and adjustments to the design and optimizing every little detail. You’ll then be tasked with setting out the guidelines and procedures that will be employed in the full-scale production process, especially surrounding quality assurance.

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The work carried out by an industrial/product designer varies and it can be very busy juggling different projects. It may include some of the following:

  • meeting with clients to establish the design brief, including the concept,
  • performance and production criteria
  • working on ideas as part of a team or

   developing design concepts using CAD (computer-aided design)

  • taking part in specialist or multidisciplinary team meetings
  • sketching initial design ideas
  • identifying the suitability and availability of materials
  • producing detailed, final hand drawings and specifications or, more likely, using dedicated computer software (CAD) to produce design specifications, including parts lists and costing;
  • making samples or working models by hand or using computerized prototyping equipment
  • testing the design concept by computerized modeling or physical hands-on testing of models
  • researching materials, processes or market requirements
  • arranging meetings and liaising with engineers and other departments, including marketing, to discuss and negotiate appropriate production processes, costs and commercial issues
  • occasionally travelling to clients’ production facilities and evaluating the feasibility of production
  • making presentations to senior design management or clients, either when bidding for a contract or to present design proposals.

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What to expect

  • The working environment is typically a shared studio/office and PC workstation. This may be situated in close proximity to the shop-floor production area to facilitate close liaison with

   production engineers.

  • Self-employment or freelance work is quite common but normally occurs after developing a track record of relevant industrial experience and a network of contacts and potential clients.
  • Although the industry welcomes more female entrants, there are still fewer women than men in the profession. Travel within a working day,  absence from home overnight and overseas work

   may be needed occasionally.

Most  industrial/product  designers have a university  degree in the field , There are many courses in universities and colleges that offer a design element as part of general design or technology studies, which would also be relevant.

In addition to product design, the following  subjects may be useful:

  • spatial design
  • 3D design
  • industrial design

A Masters degree or other postgraduate qualification might be an advantage in certain sectors, especially when working with European customers and competitors. Search for postgraduate courses in product design.



You will need to have:

  • a high degree of technical knowledge balanced with creative ability and a hands-on approach
  • visual and spatial awareness
  • commercial awareness
  • computer literacy (three-dimensional conceptual ability and CAD (computer-aided design)
  • knowledge of industrial processes/techniques and standards;
  • communication and customer-facing skills
  • the ability to cope with the pressure of deadlines
  • a willingness to build and maintain positive working relationships and to share information with others
  • determination to achieve an end result, and optimism and enthusiasm when things don’t go to plan.

International mobility may be required when working for multinational manufacturers and may influence promotion prospects, as will foreign language ability.

Work experience

Pre-entry experience is highly desirable. Experience gained through an industrial placement, freelance work, design competitions, exhibitions or a specific project gives a distinct advantage.

Be proactive from early on in your course by gaining experience and developing contacts in the industry. Consider becoming a student member of relevant professional organizations to help expand your contacts and keep up to date with developments in the industry, see the Chartered Society of Designers (CSD).

Get your portfolio checked by a design professional. Ensure that it has evidence of the breadth of your work and any specialist interests, and that it shows how your design ideas were conceived and developed.

For access to information about a range of design careers take a look at Creative Choices.

Professional development

Training is mainly on the job and in areas such as computer-aided design (CAD) and product knowledge. Throughout your career, you’ll be required to enhance your expertise through in-service training to acquire specialist knowledge of equipment and software.


Typical employers of industrial designers

  • commercial manufacturers
  • industrial manufacturers
  • domestic product manufacturers
  • design consultancies
  • point of sale designers

Qualifications and training required

Most product designers possess arts, design or product design degrees. Postgraduate qualifications can be helpful for graduates from other relevant disciplines and for job opportunities within specialist market sectors. Pre-entry experience gained via vacation work, industrial placements, design competitions and final year projects is advantageous.

Key skills

  • Good visual and spatial awareness
  • Well-developed technical and creative skills
  • Commercial awareness
  • IT skills, including CAD
  • Communication and interpersonal skills

The counselor says

Where to study Industrial Design in 


You can study this major in the following Universties:

ALBA,(Sin el-Fil-Beirut), MUT (Tripoli)